May 29, 2017, 6:34 am
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07372 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.41289 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03568 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.32234 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02694 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03594 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04014 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.61883 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03501 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00757 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 34.21016 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02007 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02775 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1385 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06559 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02007 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.29566 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.20514 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 401.84665 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0401 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02701 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01958 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 13.41871 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13757 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 58.49057 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 11.65616 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02007 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.98153 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.47496 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.56443 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13368 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.94018 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.17375 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.28102 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.3623 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45965 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01796 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04169 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01563 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01565 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08608 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.90225 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 182.35648 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14716 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 4.09595 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15642 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.46989 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13267 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.33601 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.51927 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 267.16178 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0717 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.29566 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 23.70534 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 651.18426 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.00763 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.60177 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01422 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.23294 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 2.06945 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.36341 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 81.17021 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 9.03573 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 18.06503 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 22.47491 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00608 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01646 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.21999 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 164.1108 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 30.22079 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 3.06604 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 1.82658 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25943 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06119 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01246 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02797 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19607 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.36395 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.10036 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 27.19791 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 48.1935 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16111 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 7.18587 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.6951 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.31052 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 14.40426 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.37051 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08565 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25809 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.4432 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.6002 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16848 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.07648 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02843 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00773 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02007 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06543 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06377 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.10277 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0752 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 111.54155 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07308 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08182 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.13952 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.44902 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07527 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15837 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26825 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13368 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17472 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02777 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01563 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.44572 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 150.54195 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 11.01967 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 440.26096 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17507 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 10.33681 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25802 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.68306 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04816 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04615 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07172 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13487 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.60472 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 44.74107 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.5289 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 72.26014 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02007 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.56624 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 76.29466 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.20022 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 456.12204 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.15295 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05162 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 11.77599 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0542 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 11.81574 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 2.13228 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 5.01706 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25808 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 104.16499 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 7.26415 Zimbabwe dollar

P145B lost due to static gas tax

The government is losing an estimated P145 billion in potential annual revenues, enough to fund two elevated railway systems or even the stalled Laguna Lakeshore expressway due to failure to increase excise tax on gasoline.

The amount is also equivalent to about one percent of the country’s gross domestic product (GDP). 

The Department of Finance said that gasoline excise taxes have remained the same in the last two decades and diesel products have been tax-free for the past 12 years. 

Karl Kendrick Chua, DOF undersecretary, said the government is now proposing to correct these flaws in the country’s tax system by adjusting fuel excise taxes and later indexing them to inflation, along with the proposals to lower personal income tax (PIT) rates and provide direct cash transfers to vulnerable sectors to offset the impact of the higher tax rates. 

At the same time, Chua said DOF is vigorously pursuing tax administration reforms at the Bureaus of Internal Revenue and of Customs to help raise sufficient funds primarily for the infrastructure buildup under the Duterte administration.

“But tax administration reforms are not enough to raise adequate funds to bankroll the Duterte administration’s agenda of high and inclusive growth, given the inherent flaws in the country’s tax system that require urgent correction, such as the non-indexation of tax rates to inflation,” Chua said.

He noted, for instance, the current gasoline excise tax rates have not changed for the last 20 years while diesel has been tax exempt for the last 12 years. 

Specifically, diesel and other products such as processed gas, denatured alcohol used for motive power, kerosene, liquefied petroleum gas, asphalts and bunker fuel oil are presently exempted from excise tax rate.

Regular gasoline and other products such as lubricating oils and greases, waxes and petrolatum, naphtha, leaded and unleaded premium gasoline, and aviation turbo jet fuel are imposed tax rates as high as P4.35 per liter.

“These rates, which have not been corrected to account for inflation, have led to a massive foregone revenue loss of about P145 billion (in 2016 prices), which represents over one percent of the GDP,” Chua said.

“Our proposal to adjust the fuel excise tax to around P6 per liter merely updates the rates to current levels as this represents the cumulative inflation since 1997,” he added.

Chua said even with the adjustments, the retail prices of gasoline and diesel will still be much lower than the rates during the oil price shocks of 2011 and 2012, as global oil prices are down and expected to remain low in the few years ahead.

Chua noted the taxpayers will also get a relief from the impact of the fuel excise adjustments because of the lower PIT rates the DOF is proposing under its Comprehensive Tax Reform Program (CTRP), which will more than offset the slightly higher transport, food and commuting costs.

For vulnerable sectors and low-income groups, Chua said DOF alsoproposed under the CTRP a targeted cash transfer program for the poorest 50 percent of households which includes cash transfer, the reintroduction of the PantawidPasada program that will provide fuel price discounts to public utility vehicles and a jeep modernization program to improve the engine efficiency of these vehicles.

“These proposed initiatives will cushion the impact of higher fuel excises on transportation, commuting and food costs for the poorest 50 percent,” Chua said.  

“With higher revenues from the oil excise tax reform, we can fund the massive public infrastructure program that is needed to reduce traffic congestion, improve connectivity and raise the economic productivity of Filipinos, especially those living in the countryside,” he added.

The DOF also said that the P145 billion can fully finance several PPP projects like, 1. LRT Line 1 Cavite Extension (P65 billion) , Cavite-Laguna Expressway (P35.43 billion)

And  NLEX-SLEX Connector Road (P23.2 billion). 

Chua said proceeds of the reform package will fund  the government’s big-ticket infrastructure projects 

Diokno said, though, that this unprecedented infrastructure spending can happen only if the government were to raise a lot more revenues to ensure the financial viability of such an ambitious program.

“This can only be done by implementing broad and deep reforms in tax policy and administration through the enactment of the Department of Finance (DOF)-proposed Comprehensive Tax Reform Program (CTRP) now pending in the Congress,” Diokno noted. 

Dominguez said tax reform is needed so that the government can invest P1 trillion more each year on top of the current P1.3 trillion it invests in the domestic economy. Of the additional P1 trillion, he said P402 billion will be invested in education, P138 billion in health, P147 billion in social protection for the poorest of the poor, P194 billion in urban infrastructure and P188 billion in rural infrastructure.”
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