March 30, 2017, 7:08 am
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07331 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.47155 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03534 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.31132 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02618 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03575 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03993 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.60092 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03586 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00753 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 33.91895 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01996 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0278 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13715 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06246 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01996 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.30515 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.20135 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 399.68057 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03988 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02669 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01966 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 13.25953 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13713 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 58.11339 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 10.94729 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01996 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.02635 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.49646 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.53643 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13669 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.9443 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.17654 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.28741 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.35935 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45338 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01837 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04141 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01585 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01589 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08644 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.87263 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 185.36634 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14655 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 4.10222 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15507 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.46756 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13591 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.35316 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.67678 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 265.52206 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07197 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.29726 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 23.5576 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 647.3348 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.18607 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.56259 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01415 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.20817 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 2.04931 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.37303 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 79.08964 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 9.03374 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 17.96766 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 22.12218 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00607 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01637 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.29786 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 163.48573 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 30.14574 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 3.02855 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 1.79677 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25494 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06086 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01239 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02815 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19822 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.3868 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.12338 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 27.27091 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 48.87203 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15971 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 7.12717 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.70293 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.30705 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 14.19445 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.37646 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0879 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.2547 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.28868 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.58595 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16921 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.08325 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02832 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00768 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01996 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06481 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06558 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.09024 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.078 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 112.66121 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07267 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08354 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.13647 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.31603 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07486 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15525 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26353 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13296 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1752 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02781 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01585 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.44332 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 149.43102 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.96027 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 450.2196 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17413 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 10.28109 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25482 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.68597 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04577 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.046 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07215 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13393 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.60168 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 44.44001 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.54103 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 71.81074 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01996 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.55999 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 71.67099 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19904 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 454.62168 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.12378 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05122 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 12.04033 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0539 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 12.12298 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 2.18127 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.98902 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25486 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 103.60351 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 7.225 Zimbabwe dollar

P145B lost due to static gas tax

The government is losing an estimated P145 billion in potential annual revenues, enough to fund two elevated railway systems or even the stalled Laguna Lakeshore expressway due to failure to increase excise tax on gasoline.

The amount is also equivalent to about one percent of the country’s gross domestic product (GDP). 

The Department of Finance said that gasoline excise taxes have remained the same in the last two decades and diesel products have been tax-free for the past 12 years. 

Karl Kendrick Chua, DOF undersecretary, said the government is now proposing to correct these flaws in the country’s tax system by adjusting fuel excise taxes and later indexing them to inflation, along with the proposals to lower personal income tax (PIT) rates and provide direct cash transfers to vulnerable sectors to offset the impact of the higher tax rates. 

At the same time, Chua said DOF is vigorously pursuing tax administration reforms at the Bureaus of Internal Revenue and of Customs to help raise sufficient funds primarily for the infrastructure buildup under the Duterte administration.

“But tax administration reforms are not enough to raise adequate funds to bankroll the Duterte administration’s agenda of high and inclusive growth, given the inherent flaws in the country’s tax system that require urgent correction, such as the non-indexation of tax rates to inflation,” Chua said.

He noted, for instance, the current gasoline excise tax rates have not changed for the last 20 years while diesel has been tax exempt for the last 12 years. 

Specifically, diesel and other products such as processed gas, denatured alcohol used for motive power, kerosene, liquefied petroleum gas, asphalts and bunker fuel oil are presently exempted from excise tax rate.

Regular gasoline and other products such as lubricating oils and greases, waxes and petrolatum, naphtha, leaded and unleaded premium gasoline, and aviation turbo jet fuel are imposed tax rates as high as P4.35 per liter.

“These rates, which have not been corrected to account for inflation, have led to a massive foregone revenue loss of about P145 billion (in 2016 prices), which represents over one percent of the GDP,” Chua said.

“Our proposal to adjust the fuel excise tax to around P6 per liter merely updates the rates to current levels as this represents the cumulative inflation since 1997,” he added.

Chua said even with the adjustments, the retail prices of gasoline and diesel will still be much lower than the rates during the oil price shocks of 2011 and 2012, as global oil prices are down and expected to remain low in the few years ahead.

Chua noted the taxpayers will also get a relief from the impact of the fuel excise adjustments because of the lower PIT rates the DOF is proposing under its Comprehensive Tax Reform Program (CTRP), which will more than offset the slightly higher transport, food and commuting costs.

For vulnerable sectors and low-income groups, Chua said DOF alsoproposed under the CTRP a targeted cash transfer program for the poorest 50 percent of households which includes cash transfer, the reintroduction of the PantawidPasada program that will provide fuel price discounts to public utility vehicles and a jeep modernization program to improve the engine efficiency of these vehicles.

“These proposed initiatives will cushion the impact of higher fuel excises on transportation, commuting and food costs for the poorest 50 percent,” Chua said.  

“With higher revenues from the oil excise tax reform, we can fund the massive public infrastructure program that is needed to reduce traffic congestion, improve connectivity and raise the economic productivity of Filipinos, especially those living in the countryside,” he added.

The DOF also said that the P145 billion can fully finance several PPP projects like, 1. LRT Line 1 Cavite Extension (P65 billion) , Cavite-Laguna Expressway (P35.43 billion)

And  NLEX-SLEX Connector Road (P23.2 billion). 

Chua said proceeds of the reform package will fund  the government’s big-ticket infrastructure projects 

Diokno said, though, that this unprecedented infrastructure spending can happen only if the government were to raise a lot more revenues to ensure the financial viability of such an ambitious program.

“This can only be done by implementing broad and deep reforms in tax policy and administration through the enactment of the Department of Finance (DOF)-proposed Comprehensive Tax Reform Program (CTRP) now pending in the Congress,” Diokno noted. 

Dominguez said tax reform is needed so that the government can invest P1 trillion more each year on top of the current P1.3 trillion it invests in the domestic economy. Of the additional P1 trillion, he said P402 billion will be invested in education, P138 billion in health, P147 billion in social protection for the poorest of the poor, P194 billion in urban infrastructure and P188 billion in rural infrastructure.”
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