January 22, 2018, 2:04 pm
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07248 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.15117 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03513 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.37432 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02466 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03513 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03947 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.63391 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0315 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00743 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 34.55654 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01974 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02619 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13539 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06307 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01974 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.25863 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19114 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 395.1056 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03943 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02465 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01899 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 11.98717 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12629 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 56.09039 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 11.14821 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01974 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.78074 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.40983 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.49517 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12017 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.94356 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.24754 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25256 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34873 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.537 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01614 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03952 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01423 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01424 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08955 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.95481 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 177.50149 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14478 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 4.06335 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15424 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.4645 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11993 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.2536 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 4.98796 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 262.6801 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06734 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.2595 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 23.36688 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 722.49855 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.02684 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.44306 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01395 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.18305 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 2.02388 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.36803 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 79.05665 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 8.11131 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 17.76199 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 21.05013 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00592 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01618 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.40616 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 163.40439 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 29.70989 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 3.03631 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.51372 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24018 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06017 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01225 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02645 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1822 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33221 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.99072 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 26.54431 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 47.6416 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15887 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.94691 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.64535 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.3059 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 14.08092 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.36718 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07768 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24178 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 7.06532 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.6045 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15516 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.01397 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02711 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00759 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01974 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06337 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06241 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.17782 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06737 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 110.75588 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07183 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07523 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.11021 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.49398 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07401 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15294 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26317 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13811 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15903 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02605 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01423 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.43825 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 150.5822 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 11.09138 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 395.67793 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17269 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 10.16341 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24082 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.62838 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04813 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04392 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07512 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1331 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.57902 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 44.22736 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.56937 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 71.46241 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01974 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.56325 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 160.3513 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19686 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 447.97712 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.03691 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0496 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.5818 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05329 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.49813 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.92441 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.9329 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24034 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 102.41761 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 7.14229 Zimbabwe dollar

Microfinance takes center stage

According to Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas Governor Amando Tetangco, the country’s economic story last year could be summed up in two words—investment grade.
 
The year 2013 saw the Philippines achieve investment grade credit rating—not just from one, but from all the three major credit rating agencies.  
 
These rating agencies—Standard & Poor’s, Fitch and Moody’s—have cited the disciplined fiscal management with the declining reliance on foreign currency debt, strong external position, and low and stable inflation levels as bases for the score.
 
But Tetangco said that to help make the expected continued positive macroeconomic developments translate into the much-sought after objective of inclusive growth, the BSP will step up their advocacy for financial inclusion in 2014. 
 
Financial inclusion is the delivery of financial services at affordable costs to sections of disadvantaged and low-income segments of society.
 
An estimated 2.5 billion working-age adults globally have no access to the types of formal financial services delivered by regulated financial institutions. 
 
In the Philippines, the number of households with savings only reached 26.2 percent in the fourth quarter of 2013, although higher than the 24.5 percent recorded in the previous quarter.
 
Almost two-thirds (65.1 percent) of household savers have bank deposit accounts while 23.8 percent kept their savings at home and 10.8 percent put their money in cooperatives, paluwagan and other credit/loan associations.
 
It is argued that as banking services are in the nature of public good; the availability of banking and payment services to the entire population without discrimination is the prime objective of financial inclusion public policy.
 
“We believe this is one of the primary and more direct ways we can help the effort to support and rebuild the country, especially in the aftermath of the natural disasters that continue to strike at our hearts every year,” Tetangco said.
 
The BSP financial inclusion framework is built on three areas: 1) broad access to appropriate credit at reasonable rates through responsible and proportionate regulation that encourages market innovation, 2) timely and relevant
economic and financial learning, and 3) well-founded financial consumer protection.
 
At the center of the BSP’s financial inclusion framework is microfinance.
 
In 2000, the BSP was mandated by the General Banking Law to recognize microfinance as a legitimate banking activity and to set the rules and regulations for its practice within the banking sector. In the same year, the BSP declared microfinance as its flagship program for poverty alleviation. 
 
In 2013, the Philippines was once again recognized as first in the world in terms of its regulatory framework and practices for microfinance. The Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU), in its annual global survey, noted that the BSP continued to promote an enabling environment for microfinance as a key advocacy to support poverty reduction. It also cited advances in mobile access to bank accounts, the agent relationships for cross-selling of microinsurance products and the geospatial mapping currently being undertaken to account for different types of financial service access points in the country.
 
It is worth noting, according to Tetangco, that since 2002 microfinance in the banking system has grown dramatically. 
 
The number of microfinance borrowers increased by 191 percent to 1,137,813 million in 2012 from 390,635 clients in 2002. 
 
The microfinance loan portfolio expanded from P2.6 billion in 2002 to P8.4 billion in 2012, which is equivalent to a remarkable growth of 223 percent. 
 
From 2011 to 2012, there was sustained increase in the number of microfinance borrowers, amount of microfinance loans outstanding and savings of microfinance clients.
 
While regional distribution still exhibits the trend where concentration is at regions such as NCR and CALABARZON, it is interesting to note that there is an active and thriving market for microfinance for some regions where there is relatively low usage of regular banking products and services.
 
For example, Caraga is next to NCR and CALABARZON in terms of amount of microfinance loans outstanding and consistently belongs in the top 3 for the different microfinance loan products such as microenterprise loans, micro-agri loans and housing microfinance.
 
But Tetangco said that there is still room for further developments, stressing the fact that there is a need for intervention to accelerate the process of bringing down the benefits of growth to the grassroots.
 
“Empowering people to get out of poverty by giving them access to microcredit from formal financial service providers is a winning strategy. How to reach out to the teeming millions who live in poverty is the challenge before us,” Tetangco said.
 
Syarifuddin Hasan, Indonesia’s Minister of Cooperatives and SMEs, said that the Philippines has a good chance to decrease poverty because of the high economic growth.
 
“PH has a good chance to decrease poverty because of high economic growth.  (But) Economic growth must be followed by job creation to decrease poverty,” Hasan said.
 
Aside from job creation, he said that people must be encouraged to become entrepreneurs.  And this is where a strong microfinance framework comes in.
 
In the Philippines, MSMEs (micro, small and medium enterprises) account for 99.6 percent of our total enterprises, employs 61 percent of our total employed population, and contributes 32 percent to the GDP.
 
Tetangco said that one of their principal thrusts is to develop a financial system that is inclusive and reaches out to the unbanked.
 
“To us, an inclusive financial system makes for a more stable financial system; equally important, it enables us to help improve the lives of our people.  This is particularly true for microfinance, our flagship program for poverty alleviation which we have been nurturing since 2000,” Tetangco said.
 
“Access to financial services empowers households to better manage their resources and improve the quality of their lives; and · that broad-based access to finance and financial inclusion support financial stability and facilitate inclusive growth,” he added.
 
Over the past ten years, Tetangco said that they have seen progress. 
 
“This tells us that these microfinance clients have attained a level of financial independence ... from gaining access to microcredit,” Tetangco said.
 
“But that’s only the banking system, there are a number of institutions outside the banking system that cater to microfinance and it is estimated that the banking system accounts for about a third of the total.  So what we’ve seen in the banking system, you multiply it by three to get a sense of the total of microfinance activities,” Tetangco said.
 
He also stressed that the rate of default continuous to be low.
 
“That is something that we have always reminded the microfinance institutions to keep an eye on and so far, they’ve been able to keep it to relatively low level,” he said.
 
Tetangco said that the development of the Philippine microfinance industry “has been phenomenal.”
 
“Ten years ago, microfinance was limited to microcredit provided by leading NGOs, cooperatives and a handful of banks. Since then, there has been a significant increase and diversification of microfinance players, products and services,as well as  delivery channels,” Tetangco said.
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