May 21, 2018, 1:03 pm
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07026 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.05873 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03425 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.46453 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02544 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03405 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03826 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.60723 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0317 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00722 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 33.49876 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01913 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02542 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13124 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07071 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01913 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.2952 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.18932 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 383.01129 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03822 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02451 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01912 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 12.10044 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12185 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 55.53664 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 10.74517 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01913 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.78535 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.41378 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.39105 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12057 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.94701 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.21703 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25324 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33977 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.52037 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01619 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03941 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01415 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01416 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08822 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.89669 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 172.1829 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14035 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.96537 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15017 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45456 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11944 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.20911 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.13067 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 270.32715 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06863 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.30065 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.65162 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 803.52018 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 1.99541 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.38971 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01355 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.12078 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 1.9141 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.31014 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 77.4823 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 7.95542 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 17.21829 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 20.58408 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00578 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01569 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.27415 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 159.05873 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 28.79281 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 3.0199 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.55519 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24106 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05833 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01187 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02592 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.18009 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.31752 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.9912 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 25.82743 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 45.91544 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15467 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.77253 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.65812 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.29788 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 13.65028 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.37609 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07594 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.2393 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.84905 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.60003 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15524 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.07193 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02769 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00736 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01913 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06261 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06237 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.21159 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06942 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 107.26994 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06963 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07496 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.18388 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.19304 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07174 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14965 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25694 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34351 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16686 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02567 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01416 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.42483 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 149.22518 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.771 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 396.71513 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1674 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 9.85231 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.23938 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.61427 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04806 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04443 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0851 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12721 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.57216 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 43.52401 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.5001 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 71.05414 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01913 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.58772 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 153.05146 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 1335.85231 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 435.89057 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.09853 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04966 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.60895 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05165 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.60895 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.92175 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.78095 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.23941 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 99.28257 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 6.92367 Zimbabwe dollar

Business bats for dual airport

The Management Association of the Philippines (MAP)  is batting for a dual airport, that is, both NAIA  and Clark  complemented by a fast train system linking both gateways. 

In a statement, MAP said these are the two key components of what it advocates as a holistic approach to the development of an aviation for the Greater Manila Area and Luzon.

Coupled with this aviation system, MAP believes optimization will extend the usefulness of NAIA for another eight to 10 years.

But the group said it would be ideal that before the end of the current administration in 2022, a definite path can be plotted for the future of NAIA.  

The group said it fully supports  the plan of the Department of Transportation (DOTr) to optimize, through upgrades, the existing NAIA while redeveloping the Clark International Airport (CIA)

MAP said a city airport, such as NAIA, has the great advantage of accessibility citing  many large cities in the world which  are improving and maintaining their old airports instead of phasing them out. 

Tokyo is expanding Haneda to supplement Narita; Shanghai has its HongXiao in addition to Pudong; Berlin’s Tempelhoff continues to operate in addition to Tegel and Washington, D.C. has Reagan National besides Dulles and Baltimore.

 “We back the decision of DOTr to maintain and upgrade NAIA, a valuable state asset. Upgrading the existing NAIA facilities now will provide early and welcome relief to the present problem of severe passenger and aircraft traffic congestion at a time well within the term of the current administration. Pending completion of the upgrades, one quick way of mitigating the congestion in NAIA is to make Clark attractive as an alternate departure and arrival airport through appropriate inducements,” MAP said. 

 But the group suggested that for better connectivity and convenience of the traveling public,  the proposed fast train to Clark should be extended to NAIA, instead of terminating at Tutuban in  Manila.

MAP is referring to a proposed fast train between Tutuban and Clark under    the “Build, Build, Build” program of Dutertenomics. 

“A fast train link between the two airports, passing through the metropolis at a travel time of one hour maximum, will enable Clark to augment NAIA’s operations while it, at the same time, serves the needs of air travelers to and from Central and Northern Luzon,” MAP said. 

Another vital component that MAP is pushing under this aviation system is the establishment of in-city check-in stations where  travellers can dropoff their baggage before they board the train similar to those n large metropolitan cities, including Singapore and Hong Kong.

MAP said these in-city check-in stations should be strategically located adjacent to the fast train and near either the NLEX-SLEX expressway or EDSA. 

One such facility could be located at the MPIC-proposed fast train terminal at the junction of Gil Puyat (Buendia) avenue and PNR line in Makati. 

MAP said the MRT3 Common Station at the intersection of EDSA and North Avenue in Quezon City would be a good site for the second station, if such will likewise be served by or linked to the fast train. 
 
“Pending the train service, we recommend the setting up of transport connection from these check-in stations to NAIA and to Clark via point-to-point (P2P) airport limousine service using modern tourist-type buses that can quickly negotiate the distance,” MAP said.
 
“We strongly recommend  the government look beyond that time frame and plan for the long term sustainable future of NAIA. Studies have been made to increase the airside capacity of NAIA with the construction of a new parallel runway. Others involve complementing or replacing NAIA with a new airport,” it said.

The group also recommends the creation of  a centralized management of the entire aviation system under a single authority would appear for expeditious decision-making, better control, and efficient coordination. 

This does not preclude the setting up of a separate managing board for each facility under the supervision of the centralized authority. 

An option, MAP said, is  the outsourcing of operation and maintenance (O&M) of each facility using the Public Private Partnership (PPP) mode.

It said  outsourcing of O&M would enable the government to avail of private sector expertise, technology, and incentive system for efficient O&M of the facilities without giving up ownership and control of strategic capital assets for aviation.
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