May 26, 2017, 9:48 am
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07381 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.39851 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03597 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.32504 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02683 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03597 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04019 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.61957 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03496 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00756 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 34.20217 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0201 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02784 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13867 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06563 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0201 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.30125 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.20751 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 402.33121 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04015 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0271 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01953 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 13.47267 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13847 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 58.35812 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 11.51125 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0201 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.96925 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.47339 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.57074 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13296 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.94574 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.17205 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.27938 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.36314 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.46021 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01786 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0421 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01545 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01546 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08669 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.90334 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 181.20981 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14748 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 4.11013 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15644 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.47082 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13208 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.33903 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.50744 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 267.16239 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0719 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.29803 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 23.73392 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 651.98958 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.0008 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.60008 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01424 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.23286 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 2.07094 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.36441 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 81.2902 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 9.04341 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 18.08682 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 22.44775 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00609 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01648 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.24598 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 164.32878 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 30.27532 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 3.06873 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 1.84887 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26588 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06127 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01247 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02803 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19542 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.36586 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.09586 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 27.49196 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 48.43248 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16115 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 7.19453 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.69695 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.3115 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 14.4168 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.37541 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08626 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26598 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.33039 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59385 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16751 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.07195 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02866 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00773 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0201 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06572 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06587 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.10309 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07495 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 111.9996 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07317 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0813 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.13651 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.46403 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07535 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15881 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26967 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13384 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17452 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02785 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01546 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.44626 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 149.31673 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 11.03296 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 437.5784 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17528 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 10.34928 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26605 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.69031 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04822 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04643 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0716 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13463 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.60344 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 44.81511 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.52904 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 72.62862 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0201 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.56692 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 76.36656 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.20045 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 454.6624 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.15394 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05199 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 11.70539 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05426 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 11.75181 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 2.11917 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 5.02271 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.2661 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 104.2906 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 7.27291 Zimbabwe dollar

Anti-poverty program needs refinements

THE AQUINO administration declared the Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4Ps), a conditional cash transfer (CCT) scheme that provides direct financial support to the country’s poorest families, as its key anti-poverty program at the start of its term.

The 4Ps, which is administered by the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD), provides financial support to the poorest households, for health and educational concerns.

According to the DSWD’s accomplishment data, the expansion of the 4Ps, which was meant to cover more families and link 4Ps to other social protection programs such as health and scholarships, has led to the coverage of 4.48 million households in 2014.

This is more than four times the one million households covered in 2010.

However, despite the successful implementation of the CCT, poverty incidence among Filipino individuals in the first half of 2014 rose to 25.8 percent and among Filipino families to 20 percent.

Data from the Philippine Statistics Authority’s Annual Poverty Indicators Survey showed that poverty incidence among Filipino individuals rose by 1.2 percentage points in the first semester of 2014 from the 24.6 percent registered in the first half of 2013. 

Also, among Filipino families, poverty incidence increased by 1.1 percentage points in the first semester of 2014 from 18.8 percent in the same period in 2013.

The National Economic and Development Authority earlier said that the rapid rise in food prices, particularly of rice, and the lingering effects of Typhoon Yolanda in the first half of 2014 elevated poverty incidence among Filipino individuals.

During the first semester of 2014, a family of five needed at least P6, 125 on the average every month to meet the family’s basic food needs and at least P8,778 on the average every month to meet both basic food and non-food needs.

The government aimed to reduce the poverty rate by around two percentage points every year to meet the Millennium Development Goal of cutting the poverty figure into half by 2015.

The poverty incidence should be lowered to 16.6 percent by 2015, half the 33.1 percent poverty figure in 1991.

The government has yet to release the poverty figures for 2015.

“Considering that the number of poor families increased from 18.8 percent in 2013 to 20 percent in 2014 despite the 4Ps implementation, government efforts should focus on reaching more of the poor, providing them with greater safety nets, and continuously linking 4Ps beneficiaries to other programs that can bring them to self-sufficiency,” the Department of Budget and Management said in its published People’s Proposed Budget for 2016.

Under the program, the families can qualify for a maximum monthly support of P1,400. P500 per month will be allocated for meeting health conditions, while P300 per child per month will be allocated for educational conditions.
A maximum of three children per family can avail of the cash transfer.

The families availing of the program must meet a number of conditions in order to receive the cash transfers. Pregnant women must receive pre-natal and post-natal care and parents must attend Family Development Sessions. 

Children under five years old must also receive regular preventive health checkups and vaccinations, while children in elementary school must receive deworming treatment at least twice a year.

Children must be enrolled in school, and have an attendance rate of at least 85 percent.

The government’s Socioeconomic Report 2014 also showed that the Modified CCT registered low accomplishment rates due in part to the transition of eligible MCCT beneficiaries, particularly the challenges of the ongoing registration of homeless street families and indigenous people in geographically isolated and disadvantaged areas.

The MCCT covers 152,680 households, and these are the homeless and street families and indigenous people households in geographically isolated and disadvantaged areas who are not covered by the regular conditional cash transfer program.

A publication released by the Asian Development Bank last year also said that the value of the cash grants under the Aquino administration’s CCT program has eroded significantly in real terms, and has declined as a share of poor households’ average income.

According to the ADB Social Protection Brief titled, The Social Protection Support Project in the Philippines, policy and operational challenges in the CCT program include adjusting the benefit levels to account for inflation, and ensuring sufficient and high quality education and health services.

The report however said that while there has been an increase in the national poverty incidence recently, it is not an indicator that the CCT is not working.

“The poverty incidence may have been worse without the CCTs given the impact of catastrophic natural disasters and food price inflation in 2013,” the publication said.

“The reduction of poverty and inequality are long-term impacts that can only be expected when healthier and more educated Pantawid children grow up to join the work force and get better jobs. The grant alone is not enough
to bring many families over the poverty line, though it does reduce the income gap,” it added.

In relation to this, the World Bank earlier said that the 4Ps has reduced national poverty incidence and food poverty incidence in the Philippines by up to 1.4 percentage points.

Ruslan Yemtsov, World Bank Lead Technical Expert on Social Safety Nets, previously said the Philippines’ poverty incidence could have been worse without the conditional cash transfer program.

Yemtsov said that poverty among beneficiaries alone diminishes by up to 6 to 7 percentage points, equivalent to 1.3 million Filipinos.

“The Philippines 4Ps has expanded rapidly. It has reached this level at a very fast pace, that no other country has achieved,” Yemtsov said.

“The poor and vulnerable in the Philippines benefit from what is today one of the largest and best-targeted social safety net programs in the world,” he added.

Yemtsov said that 82 percent of the benefits of the Philippines’ CCT program goes to the bottom 40 percent of the Philippine population comprising the country’s poor households, as well as those that are highly vulnerable to poverty.  

“Poverty in the Philippines is a dynamic phenomenon and many households move in and out of poverty during the year due to factors like calamities, droughts, or the advent of the lean seasons,” Yemtsov said.

For this year, the DBM said that the regular CCT will have a budget of P59.38 billion to support 4.4 million poor households.

Of this budget, about P5.2 billion will support the education of 1.15 million beneficiaries aged 15 to 18 years old.

The DBM further said that on top of the P59.38 billion, the modified CCT will receive a budget of P3.29 billion to help 218,377 households classified as itinerants, homeless street families, indigenous people, and families in need of special protection by providing education and healthcare grants, as well as assistance packages such as cash-for-work.
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