November 22, 2017, 3:02 pm
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07222 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.23697 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.035 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34334 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02609 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.035 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03933 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.63992 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03265 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00741 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 34.27689 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01967 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02668 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13491 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06405 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01967 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.28171 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.20626 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 393.707 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03929 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0252 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01953 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 12.51721 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13055 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 59.27237 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 11.06096 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01967 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.84798 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.42782 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.47748 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12472 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.93215 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.25679 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26216 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34612 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.53196 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01676 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0411 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01485 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01485 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.09043 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.92566 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 176.89283 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14439 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 4.01731 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15359 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.46264 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12608 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.21691 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.23442 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 266.33236 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06904 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.28012 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.94985 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 692.86138 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.03638 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.46903 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01391 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.2151 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 2.03441 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.37082 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 78.99705 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 8.32547 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 17.69912 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 21.59685 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00593 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01613 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.50443 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 163.16618 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 29.60669 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 3.02262 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.44897 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.2763 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05995 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0122 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02689 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.18578 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34307 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.02635 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 26.80433 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 47.94494 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15822 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.90266 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.6647 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.30619 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 14.0885 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.37348 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08155 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.27622 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 7.00098 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.60177 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16317 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.03638 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02891 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00756 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01967 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06359 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06374 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.06568 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07087 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 110.87513 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07473 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07785 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.16841 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.36755 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07374 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15449 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26735 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13097 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16686 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0267 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01486 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.4367 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 149.85251 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.99312 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 410.64307 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17207 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 10.12743 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.27624 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.64562 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04905 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04547 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07723 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13037 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59133 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 43.93314 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.51976 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 71.28811 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01967 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.57699 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 158.89873 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19617 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 446.39136 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.10089 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05108 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.98368 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0531 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.988 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.98682 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.91504 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.2763 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 102.05507 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 7.11701 Zimbabwe dollar

‘Skills challenge’ seen with free flow of Asean professionals

BEGINNING 2016, professionals from ASEAN countries will have greater mobility to work within the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC).

While experts do not foresee massive displacement of Filipino workers, they warn of a “skills challenge” that needs to be addressed through a strengthened educational system and professional regulation.
 
The Philippines as labor recipient

The entry of foreign professionalsactually presents advantages for the Philippine labor market, according to Director Dominique Tutay of DOLE’s Bureau of Local Employment. She said foreigners bring new technologies and management systems that would raise professional standards, especially in the education and information technology (IT) sectors. “When entry of foreign nationals is restricted, acquisition of knowledge also becomes limited. To eliminate intellectual inbreeding, we need to attract foreign professors who can teach post-graduate studies. We also noticed that applications for alien employment permits are mostly in IT, since companies claim there is an absence of Filipino specialists,” she said.

Entry of foreign professionals is currently prohibited by Philippine laws without a special permit to practice profession or unless allowed by reciprocity clause. The ASEAN Mutual Recognition

Arrangements (MRAs), however, allow freer movement of professionals by standardizing regulations and procedures for employment.

So far, the ASEAN countries have signed MRAs for seven professions .

Tutay did not totally discount the possible displacement of local workers, but she said there may only be a few affected workers becauseFilipinos are highly competitive.

“Services of foreign professionals are usually needed if their skills are not locally available. If some companies hire them even if there are Filipino talents, this might engender ill feelings and negative reaction from local practitioners,” said Tutay.
 
The Philippines as labor sender

Experts from the Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS), however, noted that the Philippines is not a labor recipient but a sender of mostly unskilled workers.

“Migration to other countries is not dominated by professionals and our MRAs cover only seven professions,” said PIDS Research Fellow Aniceto Orbeta.

PIDS President Gilberto Llanto said that countries with aging populations, like Thailand, will welcome workers from sending countries, like the Philippines, and this will benefit the latter through remittances.

“But in the future, this can be reversed. With sustained economic growth and strengthened manufacturing and services, Filipino workers may choose to stay in the country,” said Llanto.
 
‘Skills challenge’ and social protection

With the expected technological and production shifts in regional integration, PIDS Research Fellow Ramonette Serafica said Filipino workers will face a “skills challenge.”

“Across all industries, shortage of applicants with the right competencies is the biggest recruitment challenge by our domestic employers. The policy response should always be to ensure that local workers have the right skills set,” said Serafica.

Tutay agreed, saying that education and training institutions need to revise their curricula to adjust to the labor market demand not only within the country but of the ASEAN.

The labor official cited the following initiatives that will prepare the labor market: 

•     Skilled Occupational Shortage List (SOSL), a “positive list” of occupations with short supply of local workers and where entry of foreign experts are crucial, as identified by industry and labor groups, and the government;

•     Philippine Qualifications Framework (PQF), a national policy that harmonizes the needed qualifications and procedures in employing foreign professionals, in line with the ASEAN Qualifications Reference Framework (AQRF);

•     Philippine Services Coalition (PSC), a multisectoral working group revived to develop and implement a strategy for promoting Philippine services in the global markets; and

•     Pending legislation that liberalizes the entry of foreign professionals. Even with strengthened educational system and professional regulations, there are still workers who are not equipped for the competitive labor market. “They are easily laid off, bypassed, or trapped in low-paying jobs.

In this respect, social protection schemes will be necessary to temper market aberrations,” Llanto said.

Tutay said safety net programs are already in place for Filipinos affected by the integration. However, Orbeta said that the transferability of social protection from one country to another still has to be discussed in ASEAN.

“Besides transfer of financing, the bigger issue is what is creditable,” said Orbeta, referring to social insurance contributions that can be credited to the worker across the region.

While it is not in the AEC Blueprint, establishing a network of social protection agencies for those affected by regional integration is an action item in the ASEAN Socio-cultural Community (ASSC) Blueprint. A committee currently drafts the instrument that recognizes the obligation of both sending and receiving countries in protecting migrant workers’ rights.

Serafica emphasized that not all benefits are automatic with the integration of labor market in ASEAN. “We should continue to invest in training and education to address the country’s present and future skills challenge,” she said.
 
The Asean Economic Community

(AEC) envisions the region to become a significant player in global trade by having a single production and market base within the Asean.

This means that firms and individuals can freely transact business across countries within the region without being subjected to too many country rules, procedures, and duties.

Regional economic integration offers opportunities for the Philippine labor market, if the country eliminates restrictions that currently impede the flow of services and goods.
 
Trade in services

Trade in services is categorized into four modes: (1) cross-border supply, (2) consumption abroad

(3) commercial presence; and (4) temporary movement of people.  By the end of 2015, there will be no restrictions for Modes 1 and 2 as stated in the AEC Blueprint. For Mode 3, a maximum of 70 percent foreign (ASEAN) equity participation is allowed in establishing commercial presence within the region.

Free flow of services is expected to increase investments and create more jobs, said Ramonette Serafica, Research Fellow of the Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS). But for ASEAN suppliers to invest in the Philippines, Serafica said we need to improve infrastructure and eliminate further restrictions to strengthen our competitiveness.

Equity limits, agri policies among the remaining issues on free ASEAN trade Filipinos are strongly positioned to benefit from job opportunities of the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC). But the Philippines has to do more in terms of opening up to foreign investors and enabling an environment for fair competition.

Former Socioeconomic Planning Secretary Cielito Habito, who is Chief of Party of the USAID Trade Related Assistance for Development, said that one of the possible reasons why the share of jobless workers in the Philippines is higher compared with other ASEAN countries is because our neighbors are more open to foreign direct investments (FDI).

Habito noted that the Philippines is the only ASEAN country where the constitution enshrines foreign investment restrictions in certain areas, including public utilities, educational institutions, mass media and advertising.

“For example, Johns Hopkins University is already established in Singapore and Malaysia. We could have

‘We could have attracted investments if only Philippines is more open’ Source: United Nations Conference on Trade and Development attracted similar investments if only the Philippines is more open,” said Habito.

From 2001-2010, FDI to the Philippines averaged only at US$1.5 billion annually. While it doubled to US$3.9 billion in 2013, it continues to lag and the gap between the Philippines and those of other ASEAN countries in terms of FDI has widened .

(http://www.neda.gov.ph/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/NEDA-DevPulse-Vol.-17-No.-1-2nd-Semester)
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